The CBA, the Chinese Basketball Association, was established in June 1956. It withdrew from the International Basketball Federation (FIBA), but was reinstated in 1974.
It is a non-governmental organization in charge of basketball at national level. The China Basketball Administration Center, a sub-division of the CBA, takes responsibility for promoting the sport in China.
After the introduction of some reforms in 1994, the first CBA league was launched the following year, with 12 teams participating. (More in WikiPedia CBA)